A static route is one that is manually installed by your network administrator. This is a very efficient way to transfer data from one subnet to another despite the fact that this type of route is manually intensive.
Static route is a path in the router that indicates how it will reach a certain subnet by taking a specific path. This is called the hard coded path, which requires someone to input the network ID in order to reach the specified network.
Static Routes: The Basic
When sending traffic to a particular destination and you have two or more routes to choose from, administrative distance is utilized in determining which route to trust more. Hence, if you have entered a static and dynamic route, it will favor the static route. Nonetheless, you need to make sure that the routes are accurate while you do the manual overriding of routes.
A static route can either point towards the router’s interface or a network’s IP address. Therefore, you must determine which type of route to use variably.
Default route is a special kind of static route. This is often termed as “zero / zero” route because the destination to which it is sending traffic to, both subnet and network, are all in zero. Indeed, it catches any type of traffic that does not match any specific route in the routing table.
Another type of route is the dynamic route, which can be created through routing protocols. The dynamic route then chooses the best path to send traffic, unlike static routes, wherein the path to send traffic to are pre-determined.
Advantages of Static Routes
- Static routes are easier to configure
- No need for overhead on the routing protocol
- As long as you have a tight IP mask, this offers you reliable security
Disadvantages of Static Routes
- In order to make changes in the network, you have to manually configure the route
- When network outage is experienced, it does not automatically route around
- Although this is quite easy to configure, it might not work for large and complicated networks
It is important that any network administrator have substantial knowledge about static routes. Although this type of route may not be as effective with large networks, they are quite useful in any size of networks. Meanwhile, even if you have setup a dynamic route, there are cases that still require a static route.