The Windows Event Log is an automatic service functions as soon as the system starts up. Users can view the system’s application or system logs, while only administrators can access security logs. By default, the security logging process is turned off. This should be activated by the administrator to make sure that security logs are available.
Several logs must be monitored in the Windows Operating Systems. Some of these log types are:
- Application logs – events logged by applications in the system
- Security logs – records of valid/invalid log-on attempts and events that relate to resource use, such as the creation, opening, or deletion of files or similar objects. This log is customizable.
- System logs – contain system data on component events, such as driver or hardware issues
- File replication service logs – records of File Replication service events
Each log has different log sub-classes, such as errors, information, warnings, failure audits, and success audits. On a busy system or network, third-party automation tools may be necessary. Log files contain numerous hours logged and huge amount of megabytes rendering it reasonably impossible to monitor all logs in all networked computers (using limited resources).
Logging is a function that is relatively underused in most Windows networks. It is often used in emergencies to resolve events that were not pre-empted. Applications that consolidate log data are available. Furthermore, “intelligent” applications are recommended. These applications amass the logs and remove them from the remote client machines (to prevent clutter) and store them in an accessible manner for the inspection of security professionals.
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