Category Archives: The Web

My Hotmail

Hotmail is a web-based service provided by Microsoft Corporation that enables users to create email addresses, send and receive email messages. This email service can be free or paid, depending on features such as security options, file attachment capacity, and amount of storage for messages. Hotmail is now called Windows Live Hotmail as it has been added into the Windows Live umbrella.

Hotmail includes a set of capabilities that are not present in other web-based email services. This service provides a storage space that is considerably larger than those in other email services. Hotmail offers around 5 GB of message storage. Furthermore, it includes an audio player that can open voice mails or mp3 files after a built-in antivirus has scanned them. Hotmail also presents a collection of color schemes. To enhance the appearance of the application’s interface, users can choose between colors such as blue, red, silver, black, and orange.

Hotmail can interact with other Windows Live services. While logged in Hotmail, users would be able to see if their Windows Live Messenger contacts are online and chat with them. Windows Live Calendar is another service that can be accessed through Hotmail.

Since Hotmail is web-based, users can only read their messages when they are logged in. However, since Internet browsers cache the web pages that contain the messages, users can read their messages although they are not logged in. This is done by viewing the browser’s cache. The user should, however, make sure that he is using a computer that previously logged in to his Hotmail account.


Usenet Newsgroups are Internet groups that facilitate discussions on any topic imaginable in a worldwide Internet system. As of late 2002, there were approximately 100,000 Usenet newsgroups. This number changes, depending on the server which carries these newsgroups.

The first newsgroups started discussions using an early prototype of the Internet known as the ARPANet. As interests and users began to expand, Internet administrators combined all newsgroups to form the Usenet. Usenet and its newsgroups were originally text-based communities until the introduction of HTTP (Hypertext Transport Protocol) .

Usenet is a text-based system, although binary files like pictures, movies, music files, and various programs are distributed and shared with Usenet surfers, which makes it a viable medium for file exchange.

Types of Newsgroups

  • alt. – any topic conceivable
  • biz. – business products, services, and reviews
  • comp. – software and hardware consumer information
  • humanities. – philosophy, literature, and fine arts
  • misc. – health, employment, etc.
  • news. – Usenet news
  • rec. – sports, hobbies, and games
  • sci. – applied and social sciences
  • soc. – culture and social issues
  • talk. – current events and debates

Newsgroups can be found according to interest by exploring the Internet through search engines. They are good places to learn more about newsgroups as a whole.

Newsgroup Netiquette

  • Signatures – give contact information about the user posting the article, e.g. e-mail address, phone number, or location
  • Posting E-mail – do not post private messages in newsgroups
  • Test Messages – post ‘test’ messages if new to posting
  • Response to Posts – respond to a post as a whole rather than word for word
  • Spelling and Grammar – check with a dictionary or spell checker
  • Subject Lines – provide a description of article posted


The scanpst.exe file is a process that is part of the Microsoft Outlook’s Inbox Repair Tool. It is a tool with the capability to repair problems related to .PST (Personal Cabinet) and .OST (Offline Folder) Files.

What is an Inbox Repair Tool (IRT)?

The IRT is a strong and effective recovery tool in Microsoft Outlook, and is used to reclaim inbox e-mails and some e-mail items contained within a corrupted .PST file. With this IRT, you can recover your e-mails, calendars, drafts, journals, images, notes, attachments, and other files in Outlook with just a few easy steps.

The IRT also scans and fixes damaged, corrupted, and unreadable .PST files and restructures it to a new .PST. This new file retains its same folder and structure. The restructured .PST files can then be made into a .PST, .MSG, .EML and .DBS file format, as long as it supports Outlook and Outlook Express for easier and faster access.

Most of the versions of Microsoft Outlook have the feature Inbox Repair Tool, which is very important in retaining data, especially when a .PST file completely or partly ceases to function. Instances such as these occur when it becomes unreadable because of a virus, adware, spyware, power failures and other errors that may occur when the process is being undertaken.

Uses of Scanpst.exe

This process helps repair unrecoverable .PST files in cases such as:

  1. Corruption that may be due to a 2GB .PST file limit of size
  2. Corruption from a .PST file when it is being used over a network
  3. An accidental deleting of e-mails
  4. Corruption inside a .PST file header
  5. Corruption due to a compacting of a .PST file

This scanpst.exe is a tool equipped with advanced algorithms that repair and retain large-sized .PST files, along with its attachments and embedded HTML messages. This also supports repairing passwords that are protected from .PST files and compressed by high encryptions.

How to Download Yahoo Mail

Since it was first launched in 1997, Yahoo! Mail is now the leading Web-based email service with more than 260 million users worldwide. Today, there are two versions of Yahoo! Mail available: (1) the traditional version called “Yahoo Mail Classic” that uses the 1997-2006 interfaces, and (2) the newer interface which was introduced in 2007 simply referred to as All-New Mail.

As competition for the free Web-mail service continues to increase over the recent years, Yahoo has provided its users more offerings such as higher storage for non-paying users. Meanwhile, it is now possible to download Yahoo! Mail into Microsoft Outlook. Hence, it adds more flexibility and organization into your e-mail accounts.

First, you must set up a Yahoo! Mail account by visiting the Yahoo home page. Choose the ‘Mail’ link so you can begin. To move on to the next step, you need to have a unique username. Then, fill in all the required information on the corresponding fields and your password, and you are set to go.

Once you have your e-mail account, you may prefer to do the ‘Upgrade’ option where you will be taken to another website. At the website, choose ‘Yahoo Mail Plus’ and then ‘Upgrade.’ You will reach the billing page where you are required to fill up your billing information. Once the process is completed, you can download the Yahoo! Mail into Outlook.

To complete the download process, you must make sure that you have the following so the next few steps will be smooth sailing:

  1. Credit Card
  2. Computer
  3. Internet access
  4. Yahoo account
  5. Yahoo Mail Plus account

If you decide to follow this process, it is important that you remember the following:

  • You must frequently sync and download your Yahoo mail so you will not miss any important e-mail. Thus, you have to keep your Microsoft Outlook running to update your email list. Incoming e-mails are then easily detected, regardless of which server the mails are from.
  • If you want to clarify anything about your Yahoo! Mail account, you can go to their website and look up the Yahoo Help section.
  • As much as possible, do not store your password on your hard drive. This will help prevent hackers or malicious programs from gaining access into your e-mail account.
  • Although Yahoo Mail Plus is not free, it is relatively inexpensive. To be able to sync your Yahoo Mail with the Microsoft Outlook, you must first upgrade to the Yahoo Mail Plus.


No one person invented the Internet as we know it today. However, there are a number of significant individuals who contributed to the creation of one of the most useful tools known to humans.

Packet Switching

Packet switching is essential to the Internet. This concept refers to the transfer of information online and relies solely on such a theory. Imagine a system that requires you to have an individual phone line and modem for each person that you want to talk to. This makes things a lot more expensive. Packet switching allows multiple users to connect using a single physical connection rather than by multiple connections. Leonard Kleinrock understood and applied this concept in the effort to replace the old circuit switching process.

Long Distance Networking

Larry G. Roberts is the creator of the first long-distance computer network. This is vital as the Internet relies on the long-distance networks of computers in the distribution of data. He also initiated the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPANET), which later grew into the modern Internet.

Transmission Control Protocol

Data is not just transported from one place to another. As it travels it, consequently, creates traffic. Bob Kahn and Vin Cerf saw this problem and came up with the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). This is the closest thing to modern Internet technology. This is because TCP controls the traffic of data and manages connections worldwide. In this light, these two geniuses could have produced the Internet by themselves; however, they did not create the other important components of modern Internet.

Spanning Tree Algorithm

Any fine connection requires an excellent bridge in order to keep the data flow working to a maximum. Radia Perlaman built the spanning tree algorithm to create that bridge between separate networks. This allowed a good bridging solution as the absence of such would render networks of this scale impractical.

The Internet you Know

The popular and well-liked application that we all know of was created by Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau in an effort to make the Internet available to the general public. They developed a user-friendly interface and a system to allow easy access to various types of information.

The Internet was not formed by one person only. It took several decades and the effort of more than a few dedicated people to build the device that now fuels a great deal of the processes of the world these days.

Who Links to Me

Who Links to Me is a service that enables website owners to see other sites linking to them. This service is useful in helping website owners determine where they acquire the most number of visitors. It aids website developers in identifying the types of sites that create links leading visitors to their sites.

How do you use the Who Links to Me service? First, go to the Who Links to Me website at Then enter your website address on the look-up site edit field. Make sure you have typed the address correctly. Then you can click on the Who Links to Me button near the edit field.

The length of time required by Who Links to Me to determine and display the linking sites depends on the number of sites that link to the specified Web address. Once the service has found the information, it will display the sites linking to the web address.

Who Links to Me uses Yahoo, MSN, and other search tools in looking for the linking sites. The results are displayed on a table, and the users can click on the sites that link to their websites to view their contents. The users can then communicate with the other website developers and/or perform steps in increasing the number of sites linking to their websites.

Who Links to Me also offers features that let the users determine the ranking of their websites. These tools are useful in identifying the aspects to improve in the site so that it would acquire more traffic.

How to Access alt. Newsgroups

Accessing alt. (alternative) newsgroups requires the capability to access Usenet.

Usenet is a world-wide discussion system with widespread availability to a variety of computer networks and systems, with the bulk of traffic coming from users of the Internet.

No specific person or group presides over the entire Usenet. Usenet is not an organization with strict policies and procedures. The identification of who gets news feeds, who are allowed posting privileges, and what files are transmitted and to what location, are not controlled by any specific body.

Accessibility to Usenet can be obtained through a Web browser and a Web-to-news gateway.

The Web browser option is best for neophyte Usenet users. A Web browser can also be a newsgroup browser. One can use almost all well-known Internet browsers, such as Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, etc.

A user can post and read discussions, view and send pictures, and browse through newsgroup files. However, binary files like applications, music files, or videos may be difficult to download.

For accessing and uploading these kinds of files, a user’s recourse would be a dedicated newsreader that can connect to Usenet. Using a dedicated newsreader is more complex, although it can give the user the full capability of Usenet.

Newsreaders are defined by the different functions. Some can access text-based newsgroups, while others can retrieve binary files such as audio and video clips. Other newsreaders have built in e-mail account options, thus providing a user with a newsreader and an e-mail client.

The primary functions of newsreaders are to download encoded binary files and to decrypt and recreate the original files.

How to Unblock MySpace

MySpace is among the most popular social media sites on the Internet. It is a social venue for people who wish to communicate with others, create networks, place blogs or pictures, and some other form of networking.

Due to its popularity and because it distracts both students and office workers from their tasks, it is often blocked in most computer offices or school computer libraries. Many also find the site addictive, while others have a tendency to abuse it, posting offensive material.

However, users insist on accessing MySpace even if it has been blocked by the network administrator. Here are ways to unblock the site:

  • Check the computer for list of blocked websites. To access it, open web browser. Then, choose “Tools” and “Internet Options”. Once this is opened, go to “Security Tab” and open “Restricted Sites”. This provides access to the sites listed as blocked. If MySpace is among those sites, highlight and delete it from the list.
  • The Internet security settings for the computer can also be lowered. However, this is not advisable as it makes your computer prone to viruses.
  • Have a filter-removing program installed in the computer. This program enables users to stop the filter that prevents access to MySpace. However, be wary of the risks involved when installing it on the computer at school or office.

The following are recommended programs that can unblock sites banned by the administrator:

  • FreeGate
  • GPass
  • HTTP Tunnel
  • Jap Anon
  • TOR
  • I2P

The easiest solution to accessing MySpace is to use a web proxy. This bypasses the filters that prevent users from getting to this page.

There are several proxies over the net; however, proxies can be blocked as well. Therefore, users have to continually find new ones or opt to use proxies that are known only to a few people.

Proxy site to use to gain access to MySpace can be searched on Google. By typing “unblock MySpace” several available sites that can be used to open MySpace are displayed.

These proxies are not only limited to accessing MySpace but also capable of allowing access to other blocked sites. Plus, it is free to use and guarantees anonymity so the administrator will not find out which pages have been accessed. When the proxy web page has also been blocked, simply switch to other proxies.

For more information on How to Unblock MySpace read:

  • How to Unblock MySpace
  • How to Unblock MySpace
  • How to Unblock MySpace
  • How to Unblock MySpace
  • How to Unlock MySpace

    MySpace members may need to unlock their accounts because they have forgotten their MySpace passwords. Web content filters may also have blocked access to the website itself. These problems are readily resolved.

    Reset MySpace Password

    Reset your MySpace password by going to the ‘Forgot Password’ box at the website’s login page. Type in your e-mail address and a password will be forwarded there. Upon retrieval of the password, login to MySpace and update your password.

    Bypass Web Content Fillers

    • Obtain a Proxy – If a Web content filter has blocked your access to MySpace, find a proxy which the filter does not block. A proxy is a website that can hide an IP address using a proxy server. Using a proxy for Web access is the quickest method to connect to websites that have been blocked by your school/office filter (even without access to the administrative Web content filter). Using a top-proxy list site is the most convenient way to find a proxy. A prime example of this is TechFAQ’s Proxy Sites. TechFAQ’s generated list displays proxies in the order of their creation. Test the proxies. After finding a proxy that your administrative web content filter has not barred, click on it to go to that proxy site.
    • Enter the MySpace URL (Uniform Resource Locator) – Find the URL box on the proxy’s homepage. Click on the area and type in ‘’.
    • Enable Scripts – Find the ‘Disable Scripts’ option/s. Ensure that the ‘Disable JavaScript’ or ‘Disable Scripts’ option boxes are unchecked.
    • Enter the Website – Press ‘Enter’ or click on the ‘Browse’ button to login to MySpace. Enter your user name and password to access your account and start browsing.

    How to Change your Myspace Layout

    Myspace is one of the most popular social networking sites online. It has become the venue for millions of registered users to meet old and new friends alike. Just like in the real world where you can make a good impression by improving the way you look, a user may also modify his or her Myspace layout to express a unique character.

    To change your Myspace layout, you must first find a layout generator. Find one that is easy to use and navigate, and which provides a wide array of choices.

    At the homepage of your chosen layout generator, go to the backgrounds section. Find a background for your page. You can either pick one that is already in the layout generator’s page or you can make your own by using MS Paint or Photoshop.

    If you want to make your own background, you have to upload it to a photo-hosting site, like Photobucket, Imageshack, or Tinypic. To find the URL of your picture background, right-click it, choose Properties and it will display information about the picture (URL is included). Highlight the URL, copy it by pressing Cntrl+C and paste it on the generator’s Background URL text box. Sometimes, it provides you with HTML or CSS codes.

    Contact Tables and Network Banners

    Network banners and contact tables are easy to find on Photobucket search or Google search (use “contact tables” as keywords). If you want to make your own contact tables, remember that they should be 150 pixels tall and 300 pixels wide. When you find the one you desire, it comes up with its direct link, so just copy-paste its URL on the generator.

    Other Things you can Do with Layout Generators

    • Font – Try out different fonts for your text. Choose the easily readable ones since you want your profile display to be reader-friendly.
    • Colors – Try out different colors for your text, background and other elements in your profile page. Choose colors that look good with each other. If you need help, you can simply consult a color wheel.
    • Preview – Always preview your layout before publishing it. Put yourself in the shoes of a stranger and assess your page. Make sure it looks good and the elements are complementary.
    • Practice – Practice page customization, content management and element-matching with layout generators. The content is as important as your Myspace layout.

    How to Unblock Websites at School with Web Proxies

    System administrators can sometimes block access to websites. This is done in a number of ways, and is often applied to networks. This method restricts access to certain websites in an effort to increase productivity or as a form of censorship. This is often done in networks used in workplaces or in schools.

    Web proxies can override the restrictions. You can choose a free Web proxy or subscribe to a professional proxy provider. Internet search engines can be used to search for free Web proxies. This will lead you to quite a lot of websites for proxies.

    Some system administrators may block access to proxy sites or redirection services. There are new servers and redirection services that are being put up everyday. Try using the newer ones which may be unknown to the system administrator. Choosing an unknown or new service has a higher probability that the system administrator is not aware of it and has not blocked it.

    After selecting a Web proxy, you can use it to access the blocked website you intended on visiting. Just enter the website address and hit enter.

    Afterwards, the Web proxy will open a new page. When this happens, there will be two addresses that you will see, the address of the Web proxy and the address that the Web proxy is accessing.

    This is assuming, of course, that the Network administrators haven’t blocked the address of the proxy website you intend to use.

    How a Subnet Calculator Works

    A subnet calculator is a free Windows utility used for computing information on IP addresses. Using a subnet calculator will allow computation using the following factors involved in the subnet:

    • IP address
    • Network class
    • Subnet bits
    • Subnet mask
    • Mask bits

    It can also calculate the maximum requirement of IP subnets and the required hosts per subnet.

    IT professionals also call this type of calculator an IP Subnet Mask Calculator. They use a subnet calculator to run between masks and addresses. A mask is a filter that includes or excludes specific values. It is used to determine the subnet to which an IP address belongs.

    The Addressing Scheme

    The subnet calculator applies to a classified IP addressing system and strictly adheres to the rules that are in each class of addresses. Octets are referred to as the four sets of binary numbers that can be seen in an Internet Protocol (IP) address.

    • Class A address: The first octet is in the range of 1 to 126 and the binary address begins with zero.
    • Class B address: The first octet is in the range of 128 to 191 and the binary address begins with 10.
    • Class C address: The first octet is in the range of 192 to 223 and its binary address begins with 110.

    The Results

    The subnet calculator works to provide the following elements involved in the subnet:

    • Hexa-decimal IP address
    • Subnet IP
    • Broadcast address
    • Wildcard mask for Access Control List
    • Subnet bitmap
    • Subnet address range

    The subnet calculator helps the IT student when taking certification programs that qualify him for his line of job. IT specialists take special examinations so they can work in their own respective fields.

    There are online calculators that can be readily used free of charge for many who would like to use them. An example of this is found in, where you can easily use the available converting device right away. Other websites require downloading the files, which may take some time.